Add text and special characters

The insertion point marks where you enter or edit text. The location of the insertion point deter­mines the paragraph to which paragraph formatting commands are applied.

You can also insert special text items, such as cross-references, footnotes, variables, and markers from the Special menu. When you click a special text item, such as a cross-reference, variable, or text inset, you select the entire item.

If you can’t place the insertion point in or next to text, consider these possible reasons:

The text is background text that was typed on a master page. Display the master page that contains the text and place the insertion point in the text on that page.

The text was automatically generated, as with paragraph autonumbers, cross-references, or headers and footers.

Special characters

In addition to standard characters, you can type bullets, dashes, fixed-width spaces, mathematical symbols, international characters, and other special characters.

note:   In FrameMaker, character (ALT) sequences are not implemented for Dingbats and Symbol fonts because Unicode equivalents of codepage 1252 for these fonts are provided by default. The character (ALT) sequences are implemented for the MakerRoman font family only.

For a list of characters in the Symbol and Zapf Dingbats fonts, a list of accented characters in the standard character set, and information on inserting the Euro currency symbol, see the online manual FrameMaker Character Sets.

Some special characters are entered or displayed differently in dialog boxes. In Windows, you enter a sequence of characters beginning with a backslash (\), these sequences are listed in Dialog boxes.


Each time you press Tab, a tab symbol Tab.png is embedded in the text. The symbol does not appear in the printed document, but it is visible onscreen when text symbols are visible.

If the current paragraph has tab stops set, FrameMaker moves the insertion point and text one tab stop each time you press Tab. If tab stops are not set, pressing Tab doesn’t move the insertion point and text. If you press Tab more times than you have tab stops, the Tab symbols overlap. If you later add tab stops to the paragraph, FrameMaker positions the text correctly at the tab stops.

FrameMaker uses tab stops that are absolute rather than relative. With relative tab stops, each time you press Tab, the insertion point moves to the next available tab stop. With absolute tab stops, the nth tab on a line moves the insertion point to the nth stop. If that tab stop is to the left of the insertion point, the insertion point does not move.

Special spaces

When you press the spacebar, you insert a proportional space (whose width depends on the charac­ters on either side of it). You can also insert special fixed-width spaces—for example, to increase the space between two words. When you type a special space between two words, the words always remain together on one line.

You can use the following types of special spaces:

An em space is the same width as the point size of the font you use. For example, if you use a 10-point font, an em space is 10 points wide.

An en space is half the width of an em space.

A numeric space is the same width as the font zero (0) character. All digits are typically the same width. This space is useful for aligning numbers in a column without using tabs.

A thin space is one-twelfth the width of an em space. A thin space is used to separate a number and the unit of measure that follows it, or characters that appear too close together—such as ” /)”.

A nonbreaking space is the same width as the default space width for the font.

When Smart Spaces is on, you can’t type more than one proportional space in a row. However, you can type multiple fixed-width spaces.

Smart quotes

When Smart Quotes is on, FrameMaker uses a curved left or right quotation mark whenever you press the quote_s.png, grave.png, or quote_d.png key. If you prefer straight quotation marks, turn off Smart Quotes.

Smart Quotes doesn’t apply to text in dialog boxes. For information on typing quotation marks and apostrophes in dialog boxes, see the online manual FrameMaker Character Sets.


1)To set smart specials, in the book window, select the documents you want to affect.

2)Choose Format > Document > Text Options.

3)Change the Smart Spaces or Smart Quotes option and click Apply.

tip:   When you select Smart Quotes, FrameMaker doesn’t change any quotation marks that are already in the document. To find straight quotation marks and apostrophes, and change them to curved quota­tion marks and apostrophes, use the Spelling Checker or the Find/Change command.

September 30, 2016

Legal Notices | Online Privacy Policy