Create an EDD

An EDD is a structured document. Use the structured editing features to create and edit the EDD.

The EDD contains both structural rules for the document (Document Type Definition or DTD) and styling rules, which dictate how elements of a specific type are styled. An application developer generally creates the EDD from an existing DTD file or from scratch. For more information, see the Structured Application Developer’s Guide located in the OnlineManuals folder.

Following are the basic steps to get started with structured authoring in FrameMaker.

Analyze requirements

Before building the proposal template, analyze existing proposals to identify their components. Based on this analysis, you create a content map. The proposal example results in the following sequence:


2)Executive summary: Title, One paragraph

3)Project description: Title, One or more paragraphs

4)Cost: Title, One or more paragraphs

5)Schedule: Title, One or more paragraphs

note:   You could probably build the EDD for this simple example without formal content analysis. For larger projects, though, content analysis is critical.

Choose an EDD strategy

You can build an EDD in multiple ways:

Create the entire EDD yourself.

Import a DTD or schema to create an EDD that contains structure definitions.

Use a conversion rules table to structure an existing sample document. Then create a first draft of the EDD that contains basic element definitions and formatting that matches your unstruc­tured template.

Modify an existing EDD— one of the samples supplied with FrameMaker or an EDD from another source.

Build the proposal EDD

Based on the content analysis, you can now create the proposal EDD.

1)Make sure you are in structured FrameMaker. To switch from unstructured to structured FrameMaker, select File > Preferences > General. In the Product Interface pop-up menu, select Structured FrameMaker. Close and restart FrameMaker.

2)Select StructureTools > New EDD to create an EDD file. Default elements are inserted in the EDD.

note:   The EDD is itself a structured FrameMaker document. You use the same guided editing environment to create the EDD that you use to edit other structured documents.

3)Select StructureTools > Structure View to display the Structure View pod.

4)Create the top-level Proposal element. Position your cursor to the right of the Tag bubble in the Structure View, and type in Proposal. As you type, the letters appear in both the Structure View and the document window.

5)Click the Elements Catalog button to display the Elements catalog.

6)In the Structure View, click to the right of the red box (which indicates that additional infor­mation is required). Notice that the contents of the Elements catalog change because of the new cursor location. In the Elements catalog, select Container and click Insert. The Container element and a child GeneralRule elements are inserted. The general rule specifies which elements are allowed inside the proposal element. During the content analysis, you identified the following: title, executive summary, project description, cost, and schedule.

7)Type a general rule for Proposal: Title, ExecSummary, ProjectDescription, Cost, Schedule

note:   Element names cannot contain spaces.

8)Insert a ValidHighestLevel element as a sibling of the GeneralRule element. To do so, click underneath the GeneralRule element to position your cursor, click the ValidHighestLevel element in the Elements catalog, and then click Insert.

The Proposal element is complete. You must now provide definitions for each of the child elements: ExecSummary, ProjectDescription, Schedule, and Cost.

Define child elements

1)Position your cursor at the bottom of the structure.

2)Using the Elements catalog, insert an Element bubble. Name the element ExecSummary, make it a container, and specify the following as the general rule: Title, Para+

3)Repeat step 2 to define the remaining elements. The general rules are shown in the following table:


General Rule


Title, Para+


Title, Para+


Title, Para+



(Type the word TEXT with angle brackets around it.)



(Type the word TEXT with angle brackets around it.)

4)Save your EDD file as

Add formatting to the EDD

You have now built an EDD that provides structure for a simple proposal. However, when you type content, no formatting is applied. Following section describes how to provide formatting, and how to automatically insert the correct text for the various titles. By default, text uses the Body paragraph tag.

Change the Body tag definition

1)In, select Format > Paragraphs > Designer and change the default defi­nitions of the Body and Heading1 paragraph tags. For example, change the font or place a line above the Heading1. To make your changes obvious, you may also want to assign unique colors to the two tags.

2)In, modify the Para element definition to include a formatting rule. To specify that Para should always use the Body paragraph tag, click under the GeneralRule element, add a TextFormatRules element, and then add an ElementPgfFormatTag element. Type Body as the text for the ElementPgfFormatTag element.

For the Title element, you need more complex formatting rules. Title should automatically display section titles, such as Executive Summary, Project Description, and so on. You must write a context rule that specifies what text to display for each type of heading, and specify that Title uses the Heading1 paragraph tag.

3)In, modify the Title element definition to use the Heading1 paragraph tag. Add the same TextFormatRules and ElementPgfFormatTag elements as you did for the Para element.

note:   Like the paragraph tags, the information you enter is case-sensitive and space-sensitive. For example, “Heading1” is not the same as “heading1” or “Heading 1.”

Next, add a prefix rule to the Title element. Prefix rules let you specify text that should appear at the beginning of the element. Based on the Title’s position, you’ll specify which text should be displayed.

Add a prefix rule

1)Position your cursor in the Title element to insert a child of Container after TextFormatRules.

2)Insert a PrefixRules element.

3)Insert a ContextRule element. The If and Specification elements are inserted automatically. For the Specification text, type ExecSummary.

4)Position your cursor underneath the Specification element and insert a Prefix element.

5)For the Prefix element text, type: Executive Summary

6)Repeat steps 3– 5 for the other elements that need titles—ProjectDescription, Schedule, and Cost—and insert the appropriate text for each prefix.

Test the results

1)Save the EDD.

2)Import the element definitions into your file to test the results. Each section should display the title text you’ve specified. The completed EDD is available at the Adobe website,

Test the EDD

To test the EDD, you import it into a document and then verify that you can create the structure you expect. At this point, the document does not have any formatting, but you can still verify the struc­ture.

1)Create a new, blank, portrait document by selecting File > New > Document, and then click Portrait.

2)Make sure that the EDD and the new document file are both open. From the new document, select File > Import > Element Definitions. In the Import from Document pop-up menu, select the file and click Import.

note:   If your EDD is not displayed in the list, make sure that the EDD file is open and that you have saved it. Until you save a document, it is not available in this list.

The structure definitions in your EDD are imported into the blank document. To verify that the definitions were imported, position your cursor in the main text flow and then display the Elements catalog. You should see the Proposal element.

3)Insert a Proposal element. The Title element, which is required as the first child of Proposal, should now appear in the Elements catalog.

4)Insert the Title element. Continue inserting elements until your proposal structure is complete.

note:   If your structure is incorrect, go back to your EDD, correct it, and then re­import the element definitions. You can also check your EDD against the online proposal_edd, which is available at the Adobe website,

5)Save your file as

September 30, 2016

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