Equations

 

Equations pop-up menu

Command

Keyboard Shortcut

New Small Equation

Esc m s

New Medium Equation

Esc m m

New Large Equation

Esc m l (lowercase L)

Shrink-Wrap Equation

Esc m p

Unwrap Equation

Esc m e

Equation Sizes

Esc p e

Equation Fonts

Esc m f

Insert Math Element

Esc m i

Add Definition to Catalog

Esc m c

Update Definition

Esc m Shift+u

Symbols page

Greek letters

Press Return to end the backslash sequence shown in the third column.

 

Element

Keyboard shortcut

Backslash sequence

 

alpha.png

 

Control+Alt+a

\alpha

 

beta.png

 

Control+Alt+b

\beta

 

gamma1.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+g

\Gamma

 

gamma2.png

 

Control+Alt+g

\gamma

 

delta1.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+d

\Delta

 

delta2.png

 

Control+Alt+d

\delta

 

epsilon.png

 

Control+Alt+e

\epsilon

 

zeta.png

 

Control+Alt+z

\zeta

 

eta.png

 

Control+Alt+h

\eta

 

theta1.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+q

\Theta

 

theta2.png

 

Control+Alt+q

\theta

 

vartheta.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+j

\vartheta

 

iota.png

 

Control+Alt+i

\iota

 

kappa.png

 

Control+Alt+k

\kappa

 

lambda1.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+l (L)

\Lambda

 

lambda2.png

 

Control+Alt+l

\lambda

(lowercase L)

 

mu.png

 

Control+Alt+m

\mu

 

nu.png

 

Control+Alt+n

\nu

 

xi1.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+x

\Xi

 

xi2.png

 

Control+Alt+x

\\x

 

pi1.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+p

\Pi

 

pi2.png

 

Control+Alt+p

\pi

 

rho.png

 

Control+Alt+r

\rho

 

sigma1.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+s

\Sigma

 

sigma2.png

 

Control+Alt+s

\sigma

 

varsigma.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+e

\varsigma

 

tau.png

 

Control+Alt+t

\tau

 

upsilon1.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+u

\Upsilon

 

upsilon2.png

 

Control+Alt+u

\upsilon

 

phi1.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+f

\Phi

 

phi2.png

 

Control+Alt+f

\phi

 

varphi.png

 

Control+Alt+j

\varphi

 

chi.png

 

Control+Alt+c

\chi

 

psi1.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+y

\Psi

 

psi2.png

 

Control+Alt+y

\psi

 

omega1.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+o

\Omega

 

omega2.png

 

Control+Alt+o

\omega

 

varpi.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+i

\varpi

 

cpartial.png

 

Control+Alt+7

\cpartial

Other special symbols

Press Return to end the backslash sequence shown in the third column.

 

Element

Keyboard shortcut

Backslash sequence

 

infty.png

 

Control+Alt+1

\infty

 

bot.png

 

Control+Alt+2

\bot

 

...

Control+g period

\ldots

 

aleph.png

 

Control+Alt+3

\aleph

 

lm.png

 

Control+Alt+4

\Im

 

re.png

 

Control+m $

\Re

 

wp.png

 

Control+Alt+5

\wp

 

emptyset.png

 

Control+Alt+0

\emptyset

 

nabla.png

 

Control+Alt+6

\nabla

 

°

Control+m )

\degree

 

Control+Alt+`

\prime

 

Control+m "

\pprime

Strings

Command

Keyboard shortcut

Start String

' or "

End String

Return

Diacritical marks

 

Element

Keyboard shortcut

 

di01.png

 

` (grave)

 

di02.png

 

~ (tilde)

 

di03.png

 

Control+g hyphen

 

di04.png

 

Control+Alt+Shift+v

 

di05.png

 

Control+g ^

 

di06.png

 

period

 

di07.png

 

Control+g ~ (tilde)

 

di08.png

 

Control+g _ (underline)

 

di09.png

 

Control+g right arrow

 

di10.png

 

Control+g @

Operators page

Press Return to end the backslash sequence shown in the third column.

 

Element or command

Keyboard shortcut

Backslash sequence

 

+

plus

\plus

 

_

minus (after an operand)

 

 

?x?

Control+m * (asterisk)

\cross

 

cdot.png

 

Control+m period

\cdot

 

bullet.png

 

Control+8

\bullet

 

Toggle Format

Control+Shift+t, Esc m T

 

 

fract.png

 

Control+Alt+/

\fract

 

div.png

 

Control+m /

\div

 

over.png

 

 

/

\over

 

?=?

=

\equal

 

uequal.png

 

Control+g =

\uequal

 

jotdot.png

 

Control+j

\jotdot

 

?,?

comma

\comma

 

otimes.png

 

<Use the Backslash sequence>

\otimes

 

oplus.png

 

<Use the Backslash sequence>

\oplus

 

wedge.png

 

<Use the Backslash sequence>

\wedge

 

vee.png

 

<Use the Backslash sequence>

\vee

 

cap.png

 

Control+m i

\cap

 

cup.png

 

Control+m u

\cup

 

ucomma.png

 

Control+m comma

\ucomma

 

semicolon.png

 

;

\semicolon

 

neg.png

 

Control+m n

\neg

 

-

Control+hyphen

\minus

 

mp.png

 

Control+m 1

\mp

 

pm.png

 

Control+q 1

\pm

 

grad.png

 

<Use the Backslash sequence>

\grad

 

grad2.png

 

Control+q Shift+q (and add operand)

 

 

change.png

 

Control+m Control+d

\change

 

box.png

 

Control+m x

\box

 

boxdot.png

 

Control+m o

\boxdot

 

box2.png

 

Control+m 2

\box2

 

forall.png

 

Control+m a

\forall

 

exist.png

 

Control+m e

\exist

 

therefore.png

 

Control+m t

\therefore

 

atop.png

 

Control+a, Esc m v l

\atop

(lowercase L)

 

list.png

 

Control+m ; (semicolon),

\list

Esc m h l (lowercase L)

 

times.png

 

* (asterisk)

\times

 

abs.png

 

Control+g | (bar)

\abs

 

superscript.png

 

Esc m ^

 

 

subscript.png

 

Esc m Control+Shift - (hyphen)

 

 

script3.png

 

Control+m Control+^

 

 

script4.png

 

Control+m Control+ Shift - (hyphen)

 

 

sqrt1.png

 

Control+r

\sqrt

 

sqrt2.png

 

Control+r (and add operand)

 

 

sn.png

 

Control+Shift+e

\sn

 

power.png

 

^

\power

 

dagger.png

 

Control+m d

\dagger

 

fact.png

 

!

\fact

 

ast.png

 

Control+m s

\ast

 

angle.png

 

Control+q Shift+p

\angle

Large page

Press Return to end the backslash sequence shown in the third column.

Use these shortcuts to type each element on the Large page with only one operand. Then use Add Operand and Toggle Format as needed.

 

Element or command

Keyboard shortcut

Backslash sequence

 

sum.png

 

Control+Shift+s

\sum

 

prod.png

 

Control+Shift+p

\prod

 

int.png

 

Control+i

\int

 

oint.png

 

NA

\oint

 

bigcap.png

 

Control+m Shift+i

\bigcap

 

bigcup.png

 

Control+m Shift+u

\bigcup

 

Add Operand

Control+Shift+n, Esc m n

 

 

Toggle Format

Control+Shift+, Esc m Shift+t

 

Delimiters page

Press Return to end the backslash sequence shown in the third column.

Element or command

Shortcut

Backslash sequence

( ? )

(

\id

[ ? ]

[ (left bracket)

 

? }

{ (left brace)

 

? |

| (bar)

\substitution

< ? >

Control+m <

\dangle

|?|

Control+g | (bar)

\abs

( ?

Control+m (

\lparen

[ ?

Control+m [ (left bracket)

 

{ ?

Control+m { (left brace)

 

? |

| (bar) (and add operand)

 

|? >

Control+m k

\ket

||?||

Control+m | (bar)

\norm

? )

)

\rparen

? ]

] (right bracket)

 

? }

} (right brace)

 

? |

| (bar) (and add two operands)

 

< ? |

Control+m b

\bra

ceil.png 

Control+q i

\ceil

( ?, ? )

Control+m Shift+n

\inprod

[ ?, ? ]

Control+m Shift+c

\cmut

{ ?, ? }

Control+m Shift+a

\acmut

overline.png 

_ (underline)

\overline

< ? | ?>

Control+m Shift+b

\bket

floor.png 

Control+q k

\floor

choice.png 

Control+m h

\choice

downbrace.png 

Control+m Shift+d

\downbrace

upbrace.png 

Control+m Shift+p

\upbrace

Toggle Format

Control+Shift+t, Esc m T

 

Remove Parentheses

Esc m r p

 

Relations page

Press Return to end the backslash sequence shown in the third column.

 

Element

Shortcut

Backslash sequence

 

? < ?

<

\lessthan

 

? > ?

>

\greaterthan

 

? = ?

=

\equal

 

? ~ ?

Control+m ~ (tilde)

\sim

 

subset.png

 

Control+q Shift+l (L)

\subset

 

supset.png

 

Control+q Shift+i

\supset

 

leftarrow.png

 

Control+q comma

\leftarrow

 

rightarrow.png

 

Control+q period

\rightarrow

 

lrarrow.png

 

Control+q plus

\lrarrow

 

perp.png

 

Control+m r

\perp

 

leq.png

 

Control+g <

\leq

 

geq.png

 

Control+g >

\geq

 

equiv.png

 

Control+q : (colon)

\equiv

 

approx.png

 

Control+q ; (semicolon)

\approx

 

subseteq.png

 

Control+q Shift+j

\subseteq

 

supseteq.png

 

Control+q Shift+m

\supseteq

 

lleftarrow.png

 

Control+q \

\Leftarrow

 

rrightarrow.png

 

Control+q ^

\Rightarrow

 

llrrarrow.png

 

Control+q [ (left bracket)

\LRarrow

 

parallel.png

 

Control+m p

\parallel

 

lessless.png

 

Control+q l (lowercase L)

\ll

 

greatgreat.png

 

Control+q g

\gg

 

notequal.png

 

Control+q =

\notequal

 

cong.png

 

@

\cong

 

in.png

 

Control+q Shift+n

\in

 

ni.png

 

Control+'

\ni

 

uequal2.png

 

Control+q Shift+o

 

 

= ?

Control+g =

\uequal

 

notsubset.png

 

Control+q Shift+k

\notsubset

 

propto.png

 

Control+q 5

\propto

Calculus page

Press Return to end the backslash sequence shown in the third column.

Use these shortcuts to type each element on the Large page with only one operand. Then use Add Operand and Toggle Format as needed.

 

Element or command

Shortcut

Backslash sequence

 

int.png

 

Control+i

\int

 

oint.png

 

Control+Shift+i

\oint

 

Add Operand

Control+Shift+n, Esc m n

 

 

Toggle Format

Control+Shift+t, Esc m T

 

 

optotal.png

 

Control+g t

\optotal

 

optotal2.png

 

Control+g Shift+t

 

 

oppartial.png

 

Control+g p

\oppartial

 

oppartial2.png

 

Control+g Shift+p

 

 

optotal3.png

 

Control+g t (and add operand)

 

 

optotal4.png

 

Control+g Shift+t (and add operand)

 

 

 

oppartial3.png

 

Control+g p (and add operand)

 

 

 

oppartial4.png

 

Control+g Shift+p (and add operand)

 

 

 

var.png

 

Control+Alt+d

\var

 

grad.png

 

Control+q Shift+q

\grad

 

diff.png

 

Control+d

\diff

 

curl.png

 

Control+m c

\curl

 

partial.png

 

Control+Shift+d

\partial

 

diver.png

 

Control+m v

\diver

 

lim.png

 

Control+Shift+l (L)

 

\lim

 

lap.png

 

Control+m l (lowercase L)

\lap

Matrices page

To insert a matrix of any size, first insert a 1 by 1 matrix. Then add rows and columns one at a time.

Command

Shortcut

Add/Remove Brackets

Control+Shift+t

Matrix commands pop-up menu

Command

Shortcut

Create 1 x 1 Matrix

Esc x m

Add Row

Esc x r

Add Column

Esc x c, Control+Shift+c

Matrix Transpose

Esc x t

Matrix Algebra

Esc x a

Matrix row height pop-up menu

Command

Shortcut

Toggle fixed/proportional

Esc m t r

Matrix column width pop-up menu

Command

Shortcut

Toggle fixed/proportional

Esc m t c

Functions page

To insert each function (except the general function and limit) from the keyboard, type its name as shown.

Element

Shortcut

Backslash sequence

? ( ? )

Control+f

\function

lim.png 

Control+Shift+l (L)

\lim

Addition pop-up menu

Command

Shortcut

Add Fractions

Esc m a a

Order Sum

Esc m a o

Order Sum Reverse

Esc m a Shift+o

Multiplication pop-up menu

Command

Keyboard shortcut

Factor

Esc m u f

Factor Some

Esc m u Shift+f

Multiply Out

Esc m u m

Multiply Out Once

Esc m u Shift+m

Distribute

Esc m u d

Distribute Over Equality

Esc m u Shift+d

Division pop-up menu

Command

Keyboard shortcut

Long Division

Esc m d l (lowercase L)

Remove Division

Esc m d d

Remove Division 1 Level

Esc m d Shift+d

Remove Negative Powers

Esc m d n

Remove Negative Powers 1 Level

Esc m d Shift+n

Evaluation pop-up menu

Command

Keyboard shortcut

Number Crunch

Esc m v n

Show All Digits

Esc m v period

Evaluate

Esc m v e

Evaluate Substitution

Esc m v s

Evaluate Integrals

Esc m v i

Evaluate Derivatives

Esc m v d

Evaluate Derivatives 1 Level

Esc m v Shift+d

Rules pop-up menu

Command

Keyboard shortcut

Enter Rule

Esc m r e

Apply Rule

Esc m r a

Designate Dummy

Esc m r d

Other rewrites pop-up menu

Command

Keyboard shortcut

Simplify

Esc m o s

Simplify Some

Esc m o Shift+s

Isolate Term

Esc m o i

Expand First Term

Esc m o e

Expand All Terms

Esc m o Shift+e

Positioning pages

 

Micropositioning

The number of points shown in the following table is based on a zoom setting of 100 percent.

Task

Keyboard shortcut

Move up 1 point

Alt+up arrow

Move down 1 point

Alt+Down Arrow

Move left 1 point

Alt+left arrow

Move right 1 point

Alt+right arrow

Move up 6 points

Alt+Shift+up arrow

Move down 6 points

Alt+Shift+Down Arrow

Move left 6 points

Alt+Shift+left arrow

Move right 6 points

Alt+Shift+right arrow

Remove micropositioning

Alt+Home

Left/right (alignment) pop-up menu

Command

Keyboard shortcut

Left

Esc m a l (lowercase L)

Center

Esc m a c

Right

Esc m a r

Left of =

Esc m a plus

Right of =

Esc m a =

Set Manual

Esc m a s

Clear Manual

Esc m a d

Reset Alignment

Esc m a Shift+r

Up/down (alignment) pop-up menu

Command

Keyboard shortcut

Top

Esc m a t

Baseline

Esc m a Shift+b

Bottom

Esc m a b

Line breaking pop-up menu

Command

Keyboard Shortcut

Set Manual

Esc m b s

Clear Manual

Esc m b c

Navigating in an equation

Moving the insertion point

Move

Keyboard shortcut

Left

left arrow

Right

Right arrow

From beside a fraction to the numerator

Down Arrow

Changing the selection

Task

Keyboard shortcut

Select next prompt

Tab

Increase scope of selection

space

Select next element to the left

left arrow

Select next element to the right

Right arrow

Moving math elements while retaining algebraic equivalency

Move

Keyboard shortcut

Left

Shift+left arrow

Right

Shift+right arrow

Up

Shift+up arrow

Down

Shift+Down Arrow

To far left

Control+Alt+left arrow

To far right

Control+Alt+right arrow

Left into expression

Control+Shift+left arrow

Right into expression

Control+Shift+right arrow

Moving math elements without retaining algebraic equivalency

Swap

Keyboard shortcut

With element on left

Control+m Control+left arrow

With element on right

Control+m Control+right arrow


September 30, 2016

Legal Notices | Online Privacy Policy