Working with dynamically generated audio

Instead of loading or streaming an existing sound, you can generate audio data dynamically. You can generate audio data when you assign an event listener for the sampleData event of a Sound object. (The sampleData event is defined in the SampleDataEvent class.) In this environment, the Sound object doesn’t load sound data from a file. Instead, it acts as a socket for sound data that is being streamed to it by using the function you assign to this event.

When you add a sampleData event listener to a Sound object, the object periodically requests data to add to the sound buffer. This buffer contains data for the Sound object to play. When you call the play() method of the Sound object, it dispatches the sampleData event when requesting new sound data. (This is true only when the Sound object has not loaded mp3 data from a file.)

The SampleDataEvent object includes a data property. In your event listener, you write ByteArray objects to this data object. The byte arrays you write to this object add to buffered sound data that the Sound object plays. The byte array in the buffer is a stream of floating-point values from -1 to 1. Each floating-point value represents the amplitude of one channel (left or right) of a sound sample. Sound is sampled at 44,100 samples per second. Each sample contains a left and right channel, interleaved as floating-point data in the byte array.

In your handler function, you use the ByteArray.writeFloat() method to write to the data property of the sampleData event. For example, the following code generates a sine wave:

var mySound = new air.Sound(); 
mySound.addEventListener(air.SampleDataEvent.SAMPLE_DATA, sineWaveGenerator);; 
function sineWaveGenerator(event) 
    for (i = 0; i < 8192; i++) 
        var n = Math.sin((i + event.position) / Math.PI / 4);;; 

When you call , the application starts calling your event handler, requesting sound sample data. The application continues to send events as the sound plays back until you stop providing data, or until you call SoundChannel.stop() .

The latency of the event varies from platform to platform, and could change in future versions of AIR. Do not depend on a specific latency; calculate it instead. To calculate the latency, use the following formula:

(SampleDataEvent.position / 44.1) - SoundChannelObject.position

Provide from 2048 through 8192 samples to the data property of the SampleDataEvent object (for each call to the event listener). For best performance, provide as many samples as possible (up to 8192). The fewer samples you provide, the more likely it is that clicks and pops occur during playback. This behavior can differ on various platforms and can occur in various situations—for example, when resizing the browser. Code that works on one platform when you provide only 2048 sample might not work as well when run on a different platform. If you require the lowest latency possible, consider making the amount of data user-selectable.

If you provide fewer than 2048 samples (per call to the sampleData event listener), the application stops after playing the remaining samples. It then dispatches a SoundComplete event.

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