cfinvoke

Description

Does either of the following:

This tag works as follows:

This tag can pass parameters to a method in the following ways:

Category

Extensibility tags

Syntax 

Syntax 1

<!--- This syntax invokes a method of a component. --->
<cfinvoke
component = "component name or reference"
method = "method name"
returnVariable = "variable name"
argumentCollection = "argument collection"
...>
OR

Syntax 2

<!--- This syntax can invoke a method of a component only
from within the component. --->
<cfinvoke
method = "method name"
returnVariable = "variable name"
argumentCollection = "argument collection"
...
>
OR

Syntax 3

<!--- This syntax invokes a web service. --->
<cfinvoke
webservice = "URLtoWSDL_location"
method = "operation_name"
username = user name"
password = "password"
timeout = "request timeout in seconds" proxyServer = "WSDL proxy server URL proxyPort = "port on proxy server" proxyUser = "user id for proxy server" proxyPassword = "password for proxy server" servicePort = "WSDL port name" inputParam1 = "value1"
inputParam2 = "value2"
...
returnVariable = "var_name"
...>
OR

Syntax 4A

<!--- This syntax invokes a component.
This syntax shows instantiation with the cfobject tag.
This cfinvoke syntax applies to instantiating a component
with the cfobject tag and to instantiating a component
with the CreateObject function. --->
<cfobject
component = "component name"
name = "mystringname for instantiated object">
<cfinvoke
<!--- value is object name, within number signs. --->
component = "#mystringname for instantiated component#"
method = "method name"
returnVariable = "variable name"
argumentCollection = "argument collection"
...
>
OR Syntax 4B <!--- This syntax invokes a web service.
This syntax shows instantiation with the cfobject tag.
This cfinvoke syntax applies to instantiating a web service
with the cfobject tag and to instantiating a web service
with the CreateObject function. --->
<cfobject
webservice = "web service name"
name = "mystringname for instantiated object"
method = "operation_name">
<cfinvoke
<!--- value is object name, within number signs. --->
webservice = "#my stringname for instantiated web service#" timeout = "request timeout in seconds" proxyServer = "WSDL proxy server URL" proxyPort = "numeric port on proxy server" proxyUser = "string user id for proxy server" servicePort = "WSDL port name" proxyPassword = "string user password for proxy server" >

See also

cfargument, cfcomponent, cffunction, cfinvokeargument, cfobject, cfproperty, cfreturn

History

ColdFusion MX 7: Added the servicePort attribute.

ColdFusion MX 6.1: Added the following attributes: timeout, proxyServer, proxyPort, proxyUser, and proxyPassword.

ColdFusion MX: Added this tag.

Attributes

Attribute Req/Opt Default Description

component

See Usage.

 

String or component object; a reference to a component, or component to instantiate.

method

See Usage.

 

Name of a method. For a web service, the name of an operation.

returnVariable

Optional

 

Name of a variable for the invocation result.

argumentCollection

Optional

 

Name of a structure; associative array of arguments to pass to the method.

username

Optional

 

Overrides username specified in Administrator > Web Services.

password

Optional

 

Overrides password specified in Administrator > Web Services.

webservice

Required

 

The URL of the WSDL file for the web service.

timeout

Optional

 

The timeout for the web service request, in seconds

proxyServer

Optional

http.proxyHost system property, if any.

The proxy server required to access the webservice URL.

proxyPort

Optional

http.proxyPort system property, if any.

The port to use on The proxy server.

proxyUser

Optional

http.proxyUser system property, if any

The user ID to send to the proxy server.

proxyPassword

Optional

http.proxyPassword system property, if any

The user's password on the proxy server.

servicePort

Optional

First port found in the WSDL

The port name for the web service. This value is case-sensitive and corresponds to the port element's name attribute under the service element.

 

Specify this attribute if the web service contains multiple ports.

input_params ...

 

 

Input parameters. For each named input parameter specify paramName=paramValue.

Note: If you do not specify any the proxy attributes, and a corresponding system property is set (typically in the JVM startup arguments) ColdFusion uses the system property value.

Usage

The following table shows when you can use each attribute:

This attribute is required, optional, ignored, or invalid: For this cfinvoke tag syntax:
Syntax 1 Syntax 2 Syntax 3 Syntax 4A Syntax 4B

component

Required

Optional

Invalid

Required

Invalid

method

Required

Required

Required

Required

Required

returnVariable

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

argumentCollection

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

username

Ignored

Ignored

Optional

Ignored

Optional

password

Ignored

Ignored

Optional

Ignored

Optional

webservice

Ignored

Ignored

Required

Ignored

Required

timeout

Invalid

Invalid

Optional

Invalid

Optional

proxyServer

Invalid

Invalid

Optional

Invalid

Optional

proxyPort

Invalid

Invalid

Optional

Invalid

Optional

proxyUser

Invalid

Invalid

Optional

Invalid

Optional

proxyPassword

Invalid

Invalid

Optional

Invalid

Optional

servicePort

Invalid

Invalid

Optional

Invalid

Optional

input_params ...

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

Optional

If the component attribute specifies a component name, the component with the corresponding name is instantiated, the requested method is invoked, and then the component instance is immediately destroyed. If the attribute contains a reference to an instantiated component object, no instantiation or destruction of the component occurs.

On UNIX systems, ColdFusion searches first for a file with a name that matches the specified component name, but is all lower case. If it does not find the file, it looks for a file name that matches the component name exactly, with the identical character casing.

Method arguments can be passed in any of the following ways. If an argument is passed in more than one way with the same name, this order of precedence applies:

  1. Using the cfinvokeargument tag
  2. Passing directly as attributes of the cfinvoke tag (they cannot have the same name as a registered cfinvoke attribute: method, component, webservice, returnVariable)
  3. Passing as struct keys, using the argumentCollection attribute

For example, the params struct contains three keys: a=1, b=1, c=1. The following call is evaluated as if the arguments were passed to the method in the order a=3, b=2, c=1:

<cfinvoke ... a=2 b=2 argumentCollection=params>
      <cfinvokeargument name="a" value="3">
   </cfinvoke>

Note: The following cfinvoke tag attribute names are reserved; they cannot be used for argument names: component, method, argumentCollection, and result.

Example1

This example uses Syntax 1.

<!--- Immediate instantiation and destruction. --->
<cfinvoke 
   component="nasdaq.quote" 
   method="getLastTradePrice" 
   returnVariable="res">
   <cfinvokeargument 
      name="symbol" 
      value="macr">
</cfinvoke>
<cfoutput>#res#</cfoutput>

Example2

This example uses Syntax 1.

<!--- Passing the arguments using argumentCollection. --->
<cfset args = StructNew()>
<cfset args.symbol = "macr">
<cfinvoke 
   component="nasdaq.quote" 
   method="getLastTradePrice" 
   argumentCollection="#args#" 
   returnVariable="res">
<cfoutput>#res#</cfoutput>

Example3

This example uses Syntax 2.

<!--- Called only from within a component, MyComponent.--->
<cfinvoke
   method = "a method name of MyComponent"
   returnVariable = "variable name">

Example4

This example uses Syntax 3.

<!--- Using cfinvoke to consume a web service using a ColdFusion component.--->
<cfinvoke 
  webservice="http://www.xmethods.net/sd/2001/TemperatureService.wsdl"
  method="getTemp"
  returnvariable="aTemp">
    <cfinvokeargument name="zipcode" value="55987"/>
</cfinvoke>
<cfoutput>The temperature at zip code 55987 is #aTemp#</cfoutput>

For more information on web services, see Using Web Services in ColdFusion MX Developer's Guide.

Example5

This example uses Syntax 4A.

<!--- Separate instantiation and method invocation; useful for 
   multiple invocations using different methods or values. --->
<cfobject 
   name="quoteService" 
   component="nasdaq.quote">
<cfinvoke 
   component="#quoteService#" 
   method="getLastTradePrice" 
   symbol="macr" 
   returnVariable="res_macr">
<cfoutput>#res#</cfoutput>
<cfinvoke 
   component="#quoteService#" 
   method="getLastTradePrice" 
   symbol="mot" 
   returnVariable="res_mot">
<cfoutput>#res#</cfoutput>

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