Example: Perspective projection

Flash Player 10 and later, Adobe AIR 1.5 and later

The following example demonstrates the use of perspective projection to create 3D space. It shows how you can modify the vanishing point and change the perspective projection of the space through the projectionCenter property. This modification forces the recalculation of the focalLength and fieldOfView with its concomitant distortion of the 3D space.

This example:

  1. Creates a sprite named center, as a circle with cross hairs

  2. Assigns the coordinates of the center sprite to the projectionCenter property of the perspectiveProjection property of the transform property of the root

  3. Adds event listeners for mouse events that call handlers that modify the projectionCenter so that it follows the location of the center object

  4. Creates four accordion-style boxes that form the walls of the perspective space

When you test this example, ProjectionDragger.swf, drag the circle around to different locations. The vanishing point follows the circle, landing wherever you drop it. Watch the boxes that enclose the space stretch and become distorted when you move the projection center far from the center of the stage.

To get the application files for this sample, see www.adobe.com/go/learn_programmingAS3samples_flash. The ProjectionDragger application files are in the Samples/ProjectionDragger folder.

package 
{ 
    import flash.display.Sprite; 
    import flash.display.Shape; 
    import flash.geom.Point; 
    import flash.events.*; 
    public class ProjectionDragger extends Sprite 
    { 
        private var center : Sprite; 
        private var boxPanel:Shape; 
        private var inDrag:Boolean = false; 
         
         public function ProjectionDragger():void 
        { 
            createBoxes(); 
            createCenter(); 
        }  
         public function createCenter():void 
         {   
              var  centerRadius:int = 20; 
     
              center = new Sprite(); 
     
              // circle 
              center.graphics.lineStyle(1, 0x000099); 
              center.graphics.beginFill(0xCCCCCC, 0.5); 
              center.graphics.drawCircle(0, 0, centerRadius); 
              center.graphics.endFill(); 
              // cross hairs 
              center.graphics.moveTo(0, centerRadius); 
              center.graphics.lineTo(0, -centerRadius); 
              center.graphics.moveTo(centerRadius, 0); 
              center.graphics.lineTo(-centerRadius, 0); 
              center.x = 175; 
              center.y = 175; 
              center.z = 0; 
              this.addChild(center); 
     
              center.addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_DOWN, startDragProjectionCenter); 
              center.addEventListener(MouseEvent.MOUSE_UP, stopDragProjectionCenter); 
              center.addEventListener( MouseEvent.MOUSE_MOVE, doDragProjectionCenter); 
              root.transform.perspectiveProjection.projectionCenter = new Point(center.x, center.y); 
        } 
        public function createBoxes():void 
        { 
            // createBoxPanel(); 
            var boxWidth:int = 50; 
            var boxHeight:int = 50; 
            var numLayers:int = 12; 
            var depthPerLayer:int = 50; 
             
            // var boxVec:Vector.<Shape> = new Vector.<Shape>(numLayers); 
            for (var i:int = 0; i < numLayers; i++) 
            { 
                this.addChild(createBox(150, 50, (numLayers - i) * depthPerLayer, boxWidth, boxHeight, 0xCCCCFF)); 
                this.addChild(createBox(50, 150, (numLayers - i) * depthPerLayer, boxWidth, boxHeight, 0xFFCCCC)); 
                this.addChild(createBox(250, 150, (numLayers - i) * depthPerLayer, boxWidth, boxHeight, 0xCCFFCC)); 
                this.addChild(createBox(150, 250, (numLayers - i) * depthPerLayer, boxWidth, boxHeight, 0xDDDDDD)); 
            } 
        } 
         
        public function createBox(xPos:int = 0, yPos:int = 0, zPos:int = 100, w:int = 50, h:int = 50, color:int = 0xDDDDDD):Shape 
        { 
            var box:Shape = new Shape(); 
            box.graphics.lineStyle(2, 0x666666); 
            box.graphics.beginFill(color, 1.0); 
            box.graphics.drawRect(0, 0, w, h); 
            box.graphics.endFill(); 
            box.x = xPos; 
            box.y = yPos; 
            box.z = zPos; 
            return box; 
        } 
        public function startDragProjectionCenter(e:Event)  
        {  
            center.startDrag(); 
            inDrag = true; 
        } 
         
        public function doDragProjectionCenter(e:Event)  
        {  
            if (inDrag) 
            { 
                root.transform.perspectiveProjection.projectionCenter = new Point(center.x, center.y); 
            } 
        } 
         
        public function stopDragProjectionCenter(e:Event) 
        { 
            center.stopDrag();  
            root.transform.perspectiveProjection.projectionCenter = new Point(center.x, center.y); 
            inDrag = false; 
        } 
    } 
}

For more complex perspective projection, use the Matrix3D class.