CreateTimeSpan

Description

Creates a date/time object that defines a time period. You can add or subtract it from other date-time objects and use it with the cachedWithin attribute of cfquery.

Returns

A date-time object. (A Java Double)

Function syntax

CreateTimeSpan(days, hours, minutes, seconds)

See also

CreateDateTime, DateAdd, DateConvert; Defining application-level settings and variables in the Developing ColdFusion Applications

Parameters

Parameter

Description

days

Integer in the range 0–32768; number of days in time period

hours

Number of hours in time period

minutes

Number of minutes in time period

seconds

Number of seconds in time period

Usage

Creates a special date-time object that should be used only to add and subtract from other date-time objects or with the cfquerycachedWithin attribute.

If you use the cachedWithin attribute of cfquery, and the original query date falls within the time span you define, cached query data is used. In this case, the CreateTimeSpan function is used to define a period of time from the present backwards. The cachedWithin attribute takes effect only if you enable query caching in the ColdFusion Administrator. For more information, see cfquery.

Example

<!--- This example shows the use of CreateTimeSpan with cfquery ---> 
<h3>CreateTimeSpan Example</h3> 
<!--- define startrow and maxrows to facilitate 'next N' style browsing ---> 
<CFPARAM name = "MaxRows" default = "10"> 
<CFPARAM name = "StartRow" default = "1"> 
<!--- Query database for information, if cached database information has not been updated in the last six hours. --------> 
<cfoutput> 
<cfquery name = "GetParks" datasource = "cfdocexamples"  
    cachedWithin = "#CreateTimeSpan(0, 6, 0, 0)#"> 
    SELECT PARKNAME, REGION, STATE 
    FROM Parks  
    ORDER by ParkName, State 
</cfquery> 
</cfoutput> 
<!--- build HTML table to display query ---> 
<TABLE cellpadding = 1 cellspacing = 1> 
<TR> 
    <TD colspan = 2 bgcolor = f0f0f0> 
    <B><I>Park Name</I></B> 
    </TD> 
    <TD bgcolor = f0f0f0> 
    <B><i>Region</I></B> 
    </TD> 
    <TD bgcolor = f0f0f0> 
    <B><I>State</I></B> 
    </TD> 
</TR> 
<!--- Output query, define startrow and maxrows. Use query variable CurrentCount to track the row you are displaying. ---> 
<cfoutput query = "GetParks" StartRow = "#StartRow#"  
    MAXROWS = "#MaxRows#"> 
<TR> 
    <TD valign = top bgcolor = ffffed> 
    <B>#GetParks.CurrentRow#</B> 
    </TD> 
    <TD valign = top> 
    <FONT SIZE = "-1">#ParkName#</FONT> 
    </TD> 
    <TD valign = top> 
    <FONT SIZE = "-1">#Region#</FONT> 
    </TD> 
    <TD valign = top> 
    <FONT SIZE = "-1">#State#</FONT> 
    </TD> 
</TR> 
</cfoutput> 
<!--- If number of records is less than or equal to number of rows, offer link to same page, with startrow value incremented by maxrows (in this example, 
    incremented by 10). ---> 
<TR> 
    <TD colspan = 4> 
    <cfif (StartRow + MaxRows) LTE GetParks.RecordCount> 
        <a href = "cfquery.cfm?startrow = <cfoutput>#StartRow + MaxRows# 
        </cfoutput>">See next <cfoutput>#MaxRows#</cfoutput> rows</A> 
    </cfif> 
    </TD> 
</TR> 
</TABLE>